Skálholt the old Episcopal see in Iceland

  • Skálholt, the former Episcopal see, and farm, in the Southern Region in Iceland
Mar 12 2017

Skálholt, the former Episcopal see, and farm, in the Southern Region in Iceland is one of the most important historical places in the country.  For ages, the Iceland was a rural agricultural society with almost no form of a significant urban area.  The Church was a powerful institution both socially and economically in addition to its main spiritual and religious role. Accordingly, Skálholt became a center and played the role of a capital of Iceland for centuries. It was a center of religion, learning, culture and in many aspects, administration and decision making.  Today Skálholt is mostly a farm and a historical place and most definitely worth visiting.  The church was designed by Hörður Bjarnason who was the “state's housemaster” at the time, and it was consecrated in 1963.  Altogether ten churches have stood at this place since the 10th century, and many ended in flames as they burned down.

Skálholt is a place of many historical events

Icelanders have twice changed their official religion and both times relatively peacefully. First around the year 1000 when Christianity became our official religion and paganism was abolished. When the head of our new church, the Bishop Ísleifur Gissurarson decided to build the Episcopal see his choice was Skálholt. A location quite central at the time, near Þingvellir and a place with a wide and magnificent view that suited the new church. From that time Skálholt became a major center for centuries. Again in the 16th century, Icelanders took another drastic decision regarding religion and their religious life and converted to Lutheranism. At that time there were two bishops, one in Skálhot and one in the north at Hólar. To make a long story short, the Catholic bishop at Hólar was apprehended and transported to Skálholt where he was beheaded.  It was a symbolic act that finalized the transformation and created a new religious consensus, Lutheranism.  As a center of substantial political power and as an owner of many farms around the county the church had a major role as did Skálholt.

Natural forces and an inch of urban development forced the church to move

Today Skálholt is a cultural center, a museum, and a farm. It is an interesting place to visit for people interested in history, especially religious history. In the early 18th century Iceland had developed a step from being an entirely urban and agricultural society with a small administrative village in Reykjavík.  Due to consistent natural disasters from volcanos and earthquakes, it was decided to move the Church headquarters to Reykjavík.  As Skálholt is not far from the popular tourist attractions Gullfoss and Geysir it is worth it to visit Skálholt when driving around the southeast part around Þingvellir and Almannagjá.

Tours and things to do in the Southern Region in Iceland

Find an interesting tour in the North Region. A tour from Akureyri or Húsavík to Jökulsárgljúfur. A whale watching tour, a tour to the highland and much more.

Golden Circle tour with Secret Lagoon

Step away from the crowd, the rush, and speed and enjoy the top sights and attractions in the south-western part of Iceland, without all the traffic. Take a convenient bus tour in a smaller bus and with a smaller group (max 16) at a time when fewer visitors are around. Why chase the crowds when you can enjoy the wonders of Iceland in a more friendly setting?  This peaceful excursion takes place in the afternoon and lasts into the evening and allows plenty of time to explore, view and photograph all the spectacular wonders.  And remember that evening in Iceland is bright during spring, summer and into the autumn. 

Þórsmörk tour

Þórsmörk is one of the most spectacular places in Iceland.  It is one of the most accessible areas in the Highland, a deep valley, and oasis cornered with glaciers on three sides.  It is truly a place of ice and fire as one of the glaciers; Eyjafjallajökull has recently erupted with glowing lava flowing into two parts of Þórsmörk.
2 presons minimum

This tour is operated from Reykjavík and offered to visitors in Reykjavík and the Capital City neighbors towns. The Golden Circle tour is the most popular adventure tour in Iceland and for many good reasons. It is a trip easily doable in a day from Reykjavík the capital of Iceland, a place most of our visitors begin their journey in Iceland, and also because the tour offers a stunning view of fascinating natural wonders. Also a tour of history and geology. History as the first stop is at Iceland’s most valued historical (and almost holy) places and Geology, as you will take a breath-taking look at the various states of earth’s most vital resource, water.  This tour has it all and takes you to lakes, rifts, geysers, waterfalls, rivers and glaciers.