Eyjafjallajokull

  • Iceland's best-known volcano nowadays is by far Eyjafjallajokull
  • Eyjafjallajokull during eruption
  • On top of Eyjafjallajokull glacier volcano

 

Eyjafjallajokull glacier is probably Iceland's best-known glacier. One of the main reasons is the volcano buried under the ice cap that spreads some 100 square kilometers by the south shore.  Eyjafjallajokull glacier stands 1651 meters at its highest point, and the volcano has a crater of 3-4 km in diameter that opens towards the north. The volcano Eyjafjallajökull last erupted in 2010 grabbing the world's attention as it severely disturbed flight schedules in Europe and the northern hemisphere.  The mountain is in proximity to some of Iceland’s most impressive and beautiful natural wonders like Seljalandsfoss, Skógafoss, and Þórsmörk.  The mountain's south face was once part of Iceland's Atlantic coastline, but across the millenniums the ocean has retreated as glacial rivers have carried billions of tons of sand to the shore, leaving sheer cliffs to display magnificent waterfalls.

Eyjafjallajokull is first and foremost a glacier

Although in its substance Eyjafjallajökull is a mountain and a volcano it is primarily a glacier.  It is the seventh largest glacier in Iceland and has been a spectacular white landmark by the south shore for centuries.  Even though the 2010 eruption caught much attention, the volcano is never viewed as one of Iceland’s main volcanoes. It is not likely to erupt anytime soon again.  The glacier has two spectacular outlet glaciers or glacier tongues, Gýgjökull and Steinholtsjökull.   Both are part of the fascinating north slopes of the glacier and part of the drive to the oasis Þórsmörk.  Gýgjökull is right below the crater and is where water and ice came with force into the river Markarfljót during the eruption.  The slopes are also packed with fascination wonders like waterfalls and mystical canyons.  From Seljalandsfoss all the way to Þórsmörk, a 30-kilometer drive, it is a world of history and landscape packed in one. 

Iceland's favorite hiking trail Fimmvörðuháls

Iceland's favorite hiking trail over the mountain pass Fimmvörðuháls leading into the lower part of the Highlands passes between Eyjafjallajökull glacier and Mýrdalsjökull glacier. One of the reasons for this popularity is the magnificent and unusual landscape along the way exposing new lava, beautiful mountains, ice, and highland vegetation.  It starts by Skógafoss just by the Ring Road and ends in the oasis Þórsmörk.  Today the track provides an excellent view of the new lava and both ice caps.  The trail was closed down for some time after the eruption but has been reopened much to the Icelander's joy.

Eyjafjallajokull eruption and airplane crash history

Although not a major player in the continuing history of eruptions in Iceland, Eyjafjallajokull had erupted on regular bases since settlement about twelve hundred years ago.  The volcano erupted in 920, around 1612, in 1823, and then again in 2010.  Eyjafjallajökull also seems to have a bit of a troubled history with aircraft. In 1952, a U.S. rescue plane, carrying five aboard, crashed into Eyjafjallajokull. One died instantly, but the other four survived only to perish on the vast glacier. Twelve years later one body was found and a ring from another. The glacier tongue delivered the last three bodies in 1966. Then, in 1966 an American couple crashed into the icecap and was instantly killed. When you drive the Ring Road in Iceland, you can not miss Eyjafjallajökull glacier or ice cap when you approach the magnificent waterfall Seljalandsfoss and continue the south coast.  It is quite visible less than an hour after you leave Reykjavik the capital of Iceland.

Nearby places

Seljalandsfoss - Þórsmörk - Hvolsvollur - Skogafoss - Kvernufoss - Stakkoltsgja

 

Tours and things to do in the Southern Region in Iceland

Find an interesting tour in the Southern Region. A tour from Reykjavík or Reykjanesbær by the airport. A whale watching tour, a tour to the highland and much more.

A trip to an ice cave is indeed a unique experience

A trip to an ice cave is indeed a unique experience 

It gives you a chance to store in your memory a place you rarely have an opportunity to visit anywhere else.  It is a visit under the edge of a glacier tongue located at Vatnajökull National Park. You are practically inside Europe’s largest glacier experiencing the interaction of light and ice in a breathtaking way that words can barely describe.

Southern Region Iceland
2 Day South Coast Tour - Blue Ice cave - Jökulsárlón - and more

Blue Ice cave - Waterfalls - Jökulsárlón iceberg lagoon - Black Sands at Reynisfjara 

Join this tour along Iceland’s south coast to discover the unique landscape, natural blue Ice cave, glacier tongues, icebergs, lava fields, volcanos, black beaches, mighty rivers, and magic waterfalls.

Global Warming and Climate change adventure tour in Iceland

With a combination of travel and lectures, Geocamp Iceland and Hit Iceland offer a unique opportunity to get a view of and understand how climate change is affecting our planet in the form of a tour.  The trip takes you through exotic locations of volcanoes, glaciers, ice tongues, canyons, craters, lagoons, deep highland, small fishing towns, and other relevant and interesting places.  Our approach for this tour is based on geology, environmental science, and changes in nature.  We will also visit fishing villages to highlight how changes in the environment and natural resources affect various communities and their economy.

Golden Circle tour with Secret Lagoon

Step away from the crowd, the rush, and speed and enjoy the top sights and attractions in the south-western part of Iceland, without all the traffic. Take a convenient bus tour in a smaller bus and with a smaller group (max 16) at a time when fewer visitors are around. Why chase the crowds when you can enjoy the wonders of Iceland in a more friendly setting?  This peaceful excursion takes place in the afternoon and lasts into the evening and allows plenty of time to explore, view and photograph all the spectacular wonders.  And remember that evening in Iceland is bright during spring, summer and into the autumn. 

Þórsmörk tour

Þórsmörk is one of the most spectacular places in Iceland.  It is one of the most accessible areas in the Highland, a deep valley, and oasis cornered with glaciers on three sides.  It is truly a place of ice and fire as one of the glaciers; Eyjafjallajökull has recently erupted with glowing lava flowing into two parts of Þórsmörk.
2 presons minimum

Geysir hot spring in Haukadalur

This tour is operated from Reykjavík and offered to visitors in Reykjavík and the Capital City neighbors towns. The Golden Circle tour is the most popular adventure tour in Iceland and for many good reasons. It is a trip easily doable in a day from Reykjavík the capital of Iceland, a place most of our visitors begin their journey in Iceland, and also because the tour offers a stunning view of fascinating natural wonders. Also a tour of history and geology. History as the first stop is at Iceland’s most valued historical (and almost holy) places and Geology, as you will take a breath-taking look at the various states of earth’s most vital resource, water.  This tour has it all and takes you to lakes, rifts, geysers, waterfalls, rivers and glaciers.