#eldborg

The name Eldborg is, in essence, a geological term that means crater.  In Iceland, about seven places are bearing this name. Usually, the name has been given to a rather large and spectacular crater that doesn't go unnoticed in the landform. This applies to Eldborg by Geitahlíð located at the Reykjanes Peninsula. Equally impressive is the crater Eldborg at the Snæfellsnes Peninsula. The advantage here at Reykjanes is the easy access. Eldborg by Geitahlíð is a beautiful example of a crater that was formed in an eruption and as the outbreak stopped, and magma discontinued to flow this spectacular round form was created and molded farther by weather and winds. The height of the crater is 50 meters above sea level. When you get to the top, the inner depth is about 30 meters.  Eldborg í Geitahlíð is an excellent example of a crater, and you can walk on the rim, but caution is required.

Eldborg Reykjanes Peninsula

The small effort is worth it

When you walk up to the top, you will notice that there are a few smaller craters around Eldborg. Since this is an active volcanic area even though it has not erupted for hundreds or thousands of years, there are even a few craters nearby called small Eldborg.  When on top you will also see the lava fields that flooded from the crater and although not a very large hill the view is quite spectacular.  You have a good view of the Sveifluháls mountain ridge to the west and the shore at Reykjanes Peninsula to the south.  It is a great place to get an overview of the forces that form the land and how they interact.  The crater is also a spectacular creation and an excellent spot to take interesting photos although you might need a wide angle to capture the inside of the crater when on top. 

Finding your way to Eldborg í Geitahlíð

The best way to find Eldborg í Geitahlíð is to drive to Kleifarvatn lake on Road Krýsuvíkurleið Nr. 42 from Reykjavík towards the main road by the south shore. When you are almost at the intersection of Road 42 and Road Strandarvegur Nr. 427 you take a turn to Eldborg.  It might be best to park the car by the asphalt road as the gravel road is a tough 4X4 road. The distance to Eldborg from the asphalt road is quite short.

WHAT KIND OF CAR FITS FOR AN ICELAND ROAD TRIP?
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Below is the location of Eldborgir / Eldborg on the map of Iceland

Eldborg crater Reykjanes Peninsular

 

The crater Eldborg is extraordinary for many reasons. It has a beautiful shape and is quite noticeable as it stands alone and rises 100 meters above sea level, high over its surroundings. You just can't miss it when driving road 54 at Snæfellsnes.  The crater has a regular oval form with a length of 200 meters and a depth of 50 meters. The sides are quite thin and steep on the inside and outside.  It is an amazing natural structure, like a fortress or a castle, protecting the 32 square kilometers of lava that it delivered from the magma below.

Eruption in historical times

The crater erupted in historical times, right about when people were first coming to settle on this challenging island, around twelve hundred years ago. The eruption is even mentioned in our Book of Settlement telling a story of a farm that the fire consumed right where the crater stands today. And then the lava started cooling and begun to foster all kinds of plants moss and small trees. 

How to find and go to Eldborg

Eldborg is easily accessible although it takes a bit of an effort. You take a left turn if you are driving from Reykjavík and coming from Borgarnes to the farm Snorrastaðir, road S610.  There is a parking lot by the farm which offers accommodation as part of the Icelandic Farm Holidays. Here the walk to the edge of the crater is around 3 kilometers or approximately 40 minutes walk.  So if yo decide to take this excellent walk through a beautiful lava up to the crater, expect two and a half hour or more, depending on the time you spend taking photos. 

WHAT KIND OF CAR FITS FOR AN ICELAND ROAD TRIP?
Read this important article written by a local expert before you choose a car.

Below is the location of Eldborg on the map of Iceland

The crater Eldborg at Snæfellsnes is extraordinary for many reasons.