The small village of Kirkjubæjarklaustur or Klaustur (The Monastery), has only recently advanced from a cluster of houses to a level of the village, or a hamlet. At least in a historical sense. It is one of the smallest villages in Iceland with permanent residents all year round. For many reasons, this village has quite a different history than most towns and villages. It is not located on the shore, but inland, and has no access to the sea or fishing grounds. The village has one of the best climates in Iceland and fertile farms as neighbours.
Kirkjubæjarklaustur got its name from Monasteries in Iceland's early history
The farm was a Monastery as early as the ninth century, according to the Book of Settlement. Around 1200, a nunnery was established and was in operation until 1550 when Iceland converted from Catholicism to Lutheranism. Many names of places around Klaustur are traced to the time the sisters lived in the nunnery.
In the center of the largest eruption in historical times
Klaustur has had its share of disasters and eruptions throughout the centuries, both from Katla and Laki. The chapel in the village was built in the seventies and honors the priest that served during the Skaftáreldar eruption at Laki. Legend has it that in times of despair when the lava was destroying everything in its path he held a mass and shouted with passion and anger as the glowing lava was expected to move to the church at any moment. When the people came out of the church, the lava had taken another path. His sermon has ever since been named the Firemass and Jón Steingrímsson the Firepriest.
Klaustur remains one of the smallest villages in Iceland
In the seventies, the population started to grow as some governmental posts had been set up at Klaustur. Some services for the agricultural community had developed and a slaughterhouse built. Today there is a primary and secondary school for children at Klaustur and surrounding rural communities. There is also good care for the elderly and a health center.
A peaceful community in a rural area in Iceland
In recent years, the village is developing into the tourist industry as it is a prime location to visit some natural wonders, both around Klaustur and in the highland. The community and neighboring area have a variety of quality accommodations and a camping site.
If you are going to visit the Southern Region in Iceland you might be looking for a places to stay. Here you can book from a selection of accommodationin the Kirkjubæjarklaustur region.