Eldborg

  • The crater Eldborg at Snæfellsnes is extraordinary for many reasons.

 

The crater Eldborg is extraordinary for many reasons. It has a beautiful shape and is quite noticeable as it stands alone and rises 100 meters above sea level, high over its surroundings. You just can't miss it when driving road 54 at Snæfellsnes.  The crater has a regular oval form with a length of 200 meters and a depth of 50 meters. The sides are quite thin and steep on the inside and outside.  It is an amazing natural structure, like a fortress or a castle, protecting the 32 square kilometers of lava that it delivered from the magma below.

Eruption in historical times

The crater erupted in historical times, right about when people were first coming to settle on this challenging island, around twelve hundred years ago. The eruption is even mentioned in our Book of Settlement telling a story of a farm that the fire consumed right where the crater stands today. And then the lava started cooling and begun to foster all kinds of plants moss and small trees. 

How to find and go to Eldborg

Eldborg is easily accessible although it takes a bit of an effort. You take a left turn if you are driving from Reykjavík and coming from Borgarnes to the farm Snorrastaðir, road S610.  There is a parking lot by the farm which offers accommodation as part of the Icelandic Farm Holidays. Here the walk to the edge of the crater is around 3 kilometers or approximately 40 minutes walk.  So if yo decide to take this excellent walk through a beautiful lava up to the crater, expect two and a half hour or more, depending on the time you spend taking photos. 

Below is the location of Eldborg on the map of Iceland