#krýsuvík

 

The lava field or lava carpet Ögmundarhraun in Reykjanes Peninsula is fascinating for many reasons.  The whole peninsula is home to hundreds of eruptions from thousands of years ago and also from historical times. The landform is like an excellent example of how mother nature builds her land.  And although the latest eruption at Reykjanes Peninsula was about 700 years ago, the whole peninsula is still defined as active when it comes to volcanos and eruptions. Ögmundarhraun is the product of lava that spread from a volcano near the southern tip of the mountain ridge Vesturháls, which is one of two adjacent mountain ridges at Reykjanes Peninsula. The eruption occurred around 800 - 900 years ago. The lava in Ögmundarhraun is quite typical for moss-covered lava you can see in many places in Iceland and also quite accessible. 

Interesting battle by the shore where ocean meets one thousand year old lava

Interesting battle by the shore where ocean meets one thousand year old lava

Lava that flooded over farms

At the times of settlement, Reykjanes Peninsula was not an attractive place to settle down in Iceland. Some people made an effort but quickly it became apparent that it was a difficult place to make a living.  Most of the land was covered with lava, as it is today, with limited access to fertile soil. The water doesn't hold and quickly leeks deep to the ground.  In the middle of Ögmundarhraun lava is a place called Húshólmi.  It is a curious place as there are ruins that have been dated back to 870 around the time the first settlers came to Iceland. It is one of the oldest human-made structures in Iceland, deserted when the lava folded nearby and around the farm.  So we can say that the eruption both ruined and preserved the farm and protected significant antiquities. Ögmundarhraun is also a place where you can see how lava from historical times formed the coastline.  After floating from the craters, the lava ended in the ocean and moved the shoreline forward.  Although there are places in Iceland where you can see the lava meet the sea, there are not many such places, and if you decide to walk the hike to the shore, keep in mind that it is harsh and dangerous to walk the lava.

The view east from Ogmundarhraun towards the famous Krísuvíkurberg

The view east from Ogmundarhraun towards the famous Krísuvíkurberg 

Ogmundarhraun is easily accessible

For those who have rarely or ever seen a lava field, this is a great opportunity and probably one of the best places in Iceland.  When you drive from Grindavík town, on the south shore of the Reykjanes Peninsula, the road Suðurstrandarvegur Nr. 427, you will find a sign pointing south with the name Húshólmi.  Only a few meters from the intersection there are signs and a parking lot.  You need to walk from the parking lot which is a medium and refreshing hike.  The distance to the shoreline is about two kilometers, and so is the walk to Húshólmi on a track in the middle of the lava field.  By doing both, you will get a good view of a lava field that spreads over land and also lava that fights the ocean.  Both are fascinating and quite photogenic.  The whole hike should take about two to three hours but is extremely enjoyable and rewarding.

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Below is the location of Ögmundarhraun lava on the map of Iceland

Ögmundarhraun lava field is a lava carpet in the landform at Reykjanes Peninsula

 

From the road on the south shore leading to Grindavík (427) east of the large lava Ögmundarhraun that surfaced some 300 years after the years of settlement in Iceland, about 800 years ago. The landscape seems like a flat land with classical vegetation. A kind of a flat morse ending by the seashore.  But if you take the turn on the rather difficult track to Krísuvíkurberg, you will see dramatic changes.  Krísuvíkurberg is a 6-kilometer wide cliff south on the coastline of Reykjanes Peninsula.  Although not particularly high, around 50 to 70 meters, it is an impressive sight as it stretches along the coastline. The cliff is a home to tens of thousands of birds and is a spectacular geological phenomenon. 

Krísuvíkurberg seen from Húshólmi and Ögmundarhraun lava field

Krísuvíkurberg seen from Húshólmi and Ögmundarhraun lava field

Krísuvíkurberg has interesting layers of lava molded by the ocean

The cliff is a wall that the mighty Atlantic Ocean has molded with its enduring force for thousands of years. The cliff was originally formed by blankets of layers of lava that accumulated on top of each other thousands of years ago in many different eruptions. Contrary to the lava Ögmundarhraun these eruptions surfaced long before historical times.  A process that can only be explained on a geological timeline. The layers are visible on the wall with different colors as they represent a different time and different kind of magma and lava. There are up to 10 different layers on the east part of Krísuvíkurbjarg and around five on the west side. It is a monument of Natures ability to form various patters in thousands of years for us to enjoy and photograph.

Krísuvíkurberg also has its part in the Icelandic folklore

There are not many places where boats can land to access the land. But in the early 17th century, the Turks invaded Iceland and abducted hundreds of people and sold them to slavery.  One of the landing places was at Krísuvíkurberg, and the steps where they came up was called Ræningjastígur, or Bandits path. Fortunately, they only managed to kill one woman before they got into a fight between themselves with fatal consequences. According to Icelandic folklore, their disagreement was a spell from a priest who saw them approaching, and thus saved his people. 

 

WHAT KIND OF CAR FITS FOR AN ICELAND ROAD TRIP?
Read this important article before you choose a car.

Below is the location of Grindavík on the map of Iceland

Krísuvíkurberg is a cliff is a wall that the mighty Atlantic Ocean has molded with its never enduring force for thousands of years.